This is one word that people are afraid to touch; because it has been miss-taught. The word has several different definitions, requiring that one knows, then stay inside the context. Christ Jesus employed this word many times - the word will not bite.
This is not about the Judges, it is speaking of the act itself. Matt.7:1,2 "Judge not, that ye be not judged. For with what judgment ye judge, ye shall be judged. This is a standard: a warning not to be a hypocrite. Christ Jesus followers should sit-up straight, and pay close attention[Mark4:24].
Luke 6:37,*38 covers judging, condemning, and forgiveness: this is Kingdom business; under Grace, the Standard is higher, not lower. We should take heed not to conclude who, can be Redeemed, and who has no, Redeemable qualities. Again, we release the spirit from our mouths, that will return unto, or upon ourselves.
Luke 12:14 this fellow was looking for the Jude that divides, a divider, or redistributor. The Hebrew law is clear that all of the inheritance is Not given out in equal parts. He thought that Christ Jesus would require the law be broken - just for him. The oldest son received a double-portion for good reason.
Pre-Judge: Jn.7:51 Nicodemus ask this question at one of Christ Jesus trails. "Does our law Judge any man, before it hears him, and knows what he did"? The wicked Tares had already condemned Christ to death. It also exposed the fact that they were Not following Moses [Jn.18:31]. Whatsoever we bind on earth, will be bound in Heaven.